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Các cách diễn tả mục đích trong tiếng Anh

Các cách diễn tả mục đích trong tiếng Anh

1.Hỏi về mục đích

– why…………..? tại sao………?

Ex: Why do you want to learn English?

– what ………..for? để làm gì……….?

Ex : what did you buy it for?

– what is the purpose of……? Mục đích của…….là gì?

Ex: what is the purpose of her visit?

– what……..do? vì sao …..?

Ex: what did you do ?

  1. Diễn tả mục đích
  2. For + Noun ( phrase) : để

Ex: He has gone out for dinner

I went to the supermarket for some foods

  1. To do…..: để

Ex: He has gone out to eat dinner

Lưu ý : She has been to the post office for buying stamp ———> câu này sai

She has been to the post office to buy stamp ———–> câu này đúng

Tuy nhiên có trường hợp ngoại lệ

To be used for doing / to do

Ex : A knife is used for cutting

A knife is used to cut ( cả hai câu đều đúng)

  1. In order to do = so as to do

Ex: He finished work early .He wanted to see the football match.

——> H e finished work early in order to see the football match

+ In order not to do = so as not to do

Ex: We whisper .We didn’t want to disturb him.

——-> So as not to disturrb him, we whisper

+ In order for sb/ sth to do : Để cho ai đó / cái gì làm gì

Ex: In order for the lift to work you must press this button

  1. with a view to + V_ing : để làm gì , với ý định làm gì

Ex: With a view to preparing this report, I will visit a number of venues and attended quite a lot of games

  1. So that / In order that + S__V ( can , could , may , might , will, would)

Ex: I left the letter on the table . I wanted him to see it when he came in

= I left the letter on the table so that he could see it when he came in

We were speaking quietly .

ietly in order that no one could hear it

  1. For fear that S_We didn’t want anyone to hear us

= We were speaking quV ( should): vì sợ rằng

Ex: I am telling you this for fear that you should make a mistake

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