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MỘT SỐ CẤU TRÚC VIẾT LẠI CÂU

MỘT SỐ CẤU TRÚC VIẾT LẠI CÂU

Anh ngữ ITC xin chia sẻ với các bạn tài liệu một số cấu trúc viết lại câu giúp các bạn nắm vững các cấu trúc ngữ pháp cơ bản luyện tiếng anh giao tiếp nhé!

  1. to look at(v)= to have a look at (n): (nhìn vào)
  2. to think about = to give thought to : nghĩ về
  3. to be determimed to= to have a determination to : dự định
  4. to know (about) = to have knowledge of: biết
  5. to tend to = to have a tendency to : có khuynh hướng:
  6. to intend to +inf = to have intention of + V_ing : dự định
  7. to desire to = have a desire to : Ao ước
  8. to wish = to have a wish / to express a wish : ao ước
  9. to visit Sb = to pay a visit to Sb / to pay Sb a visit : thăm viếng
  10. to discuss Sth = to have a dicussion about : thảo luận
  11. to decide to = to make a decision to : quyết định
  12. to talk to = to have a talk with : nói chuyện
  13. to explain Sth = to give an explanation for : giải thích
  14. to call Sb = to give Sb a call : gọi điện cho…
  15. to be interested in = to have interst in : thích
  16. to drink = to have a drink : uống
  17. to photograph = to have a photograph of : chụp hình
  18. to cry = to give a cry : khóc kêu
  19. to laugh at = to give a laugh at : cười nhạo
  20. to welcome Sb = to give Sb a welcome : chào đón
  21. to kiss Sb = to give Sb a kiss : hôn
  22. to ring Sb = to give Sb a ring : gọi điện
  23. to warn = to give warning : báo động, cảnh báo
  24. to try to (+inf) = to make an effort to/ to make an attempt to : cố gắng
  25. to meet Sb = to have a meeting with Sb : gặp ai

 

Công thức và ví dụ minh họa

 

1.It takes sb khoảng thời gian to do sth= sb spend khoảng thời gian doing sth

VD: it took her 3 hours to get to the city centre.= she spent 3 hours getting to the city

centre.

  1. Understand = tobe aware of

VD: do you understand the grammar structure?= are you aware of the grammar

structure?

  1. Like = tobe interested in = enjoy = keen on

VD: she likes politics = she is interested in politics

4.Because + clause = because of + N

VD: he can’t move because his leg was broken= he can’t move because of his broken leg

Một số dạng bài cơ bản

  1. Although + clause = despite + N = in spite of + N

VD: although she is old, she can compute very fast= Despite / In spite of her old age, she

can compute very fast

6.Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth

VD: we succeeded in digging the Panama cannel= we managed to dig the Panama

cannel

Các mẫu câu thường gặp

  1. Cấu trúc : …..too + adj (for sb) to do sth : quá để làm gì

VD: my father is too old to driveso + adj + that Clause = it is such a/ an N that: quá đến

nỗi mà

VD: she is so beautiful that everybody loves her.= it is such a beautiful girl that

everybody loves her.Adj/ Adv + enough (for sb) to do sth: đủ để làm gì

“nội dung được trích dẫn từ 123doc.org – cộng đồng mua bán chia sẻ tài liệu hàng đầu Việt Nam”

VD: This car is enough safe for him to drive

VD: The policeman ran quickly enough to catch the robberMột số dạng bài cơ bản

8.Cấu trúc : prefer sb to do sth = would rather sb Vpast sth: thích, muốn ai làm gì

VD: I’prefer you (not) to smoke here I’d rather you (not) smoked here

9.Prefer doing sth to doing sth : thích làm gì hơn làm gì

Would rather do sth than do sth

VD: She prefers staying at home to going out

She’d rather stay at home than go out

  1. Can = tobe able to = tobe possible
  2. Harly + had +S + Vpp when S + Vpast: ngay sau khi ..thi…

No sooner + had +S + Vpp than S + Vpast

VD: As soon as I left the house, he appeared

Harly had I left the house when he appeared

No sooner had I left the house than he appeared

12.Not………..any more : không còn nữa

No longer + dạng đảo ngữ S no more V

VD: I don’t live in the courtryside anymore

No longer do I live in the coutrysideI no more live in the coutryside

  1. At no time + dạng đảo ngữ : không khi nào, chẳng khi nào

VD: I don’t think she loves me

At no time do I think she loves me

  1. Tobe not worth = there is no point in doing sth : không đáng làm gì

Các dạng thường gặp

  1. Tobe not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sth : không đáng, vô ích

làm gì

VD:It’s not worth making him get up early

There is no point in making him getting early

  1. It seems that = it appears that = it is likely that =it look as if/ as though: dường

như rằng

VD: It seems that he will come late= it appears that / it is likely he will come late

= he is likely to come late.

it look as if he will come late

Các dạng câu thường gặp

  1. Although + clause = Despite + Nound/gerund
  2. S + V + N = S + be + adj

“nội dung được trích dẫn từ 123doc.org – cộng đồng mua bán chia sẻ tài liệu hàng đầu Việt Nam”

  1. S + be + adj = S + V + O
  2. S + be accustomed to + Ving = S + be used to +Ving /N
  3. S + often + V = S + be used to +Ving /N

-> Nana often cried when she meets with difficulties.Nana is used to crying when she

meets with difficulties

  1. This is the first time + S + have + PII = S+be + not used to + Ving/N

-> This is the first time I have seen so many people crying at the end of the movie.I was

not used to seeing so many people crying at the end of the movie.

  1. S + would prefer = S + would rather S + Past subjunctive (lối cầu khẩn)
  2. S + like sth/doing sth better than sth/doing sth = S + would rather + V + than +

V = S + prefer sth/doing sth to sth/doing sth…

-> I prefer going shoping to playing volleyball.I would rather go shoping than play

volleyball.

  1. S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to + V
  2. It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth
  3. S + be + PII + to + V = S + be + supposed to do sth
  4. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh)= S + should (not) + be + PII
  5. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh)= S + should (not) + do sth
  6. S + like sth = S + be + fond of + sth

-> I like do collecting stamps.I’m fond of collecting stamps.

  1. I + let + O + do sth = S + allow + S.O + to do Sth

-> My boss let him be on leave for wedding.My boss allow him to be on leave for

wedding.

  1. S + once + past verb = S + would to + do sth.
  2. S + present verb (negative) any more = S + would to + do sth.
  3. S + V + because + S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

-> She studies hard because she wants to pass the final examination.She studies hard to

pass the final examination.

“nội dung được trích dẫn từ 123doc.org – cộng đồng mua bán chia sẻ tài liệu hàng đầu Việt Nam”

  1. S + V + so that/ in order that+ S + V = S + V + to + infinitive
  2. To infinitive or gerund + be + adj = It + be + adj + to + V
  3. S + V + and + S + V = S + V + both … and
  4. S + V + not only … + but also = S + V + both … and
  5. S + V + both … and … = S + V + not only … but also…

-> He translated fast and correctly.He translated not only fast but also correctly.

  1. S1+simple present+and+S2+simple futher =If+S1 + simple present + S2 +

simple futher.

  1. S1+didn’t + V1 + Because + S2 + didn’t + V2 = If Clause
  2. Various facts given = Mệnh đề if thể hiện điều trái ngược thực tế.
  3. S1 + V1 + if + S2 + V2(phủ định)= S1 + V1 + Unless + S2 + V2 (khẳng định)
  4. S + V + O = S + be + noun + when + adj clause.
  5. S + V + O = S + be + noun + where + adj clause.
  6. S + V + O = S + be + noun + whom + adj clause.
  7. S + V + O = S + be + noun + which + adj clause.
  8. S + V + O = S + be + noun + that + adj clause.
  9. S + V + if + S + V (phu dinh) = S + V + unless + S + V (khang dinh)
  10. S + be + scared of sth = S + be + afraid of + sth
  11. Let’s + V = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive
  12. In my opinion = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive

(quan điểm của tôi)

  1. S + advise = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive
  2. Why don’t you do sth? = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive
  3. S + get + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth
  4. S + aks + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth
  5. S + request + sb + to do sth= S + have + sb + do sth
  6. S + want + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth
  7. S + V + no + N = S + be + N-less
  8. S + V + O = S + be + N + V + er/or
  9. S + be + adj + that clause = S + be + adj + to + V

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